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Item Timeline

Timeline of items by creation date.

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18th Century

GSA123: James Carroll, "An account of my negroes," September 27, 1715

GSA368: Deed of gift between William Hunter, SJ and Thomas Jameson, January 30, 1717

GSA224: The Margaret, 1718

GSA315: St. Inigoes overseer contract, 1743

GSA248: Bohemia's schoolmaster pays Ben and Jack, two enslaved men, 1746

GSA223"Charity to Negroes:" Rev. George Hunter's reflections on the treatment of slaves, 1749

GSA252: Children born into slavery at Bohemia, 1750-1760

GSA157Children born into slavery at Newtown, 1752-1770

GSA39: Children born into slavery at Port Tobacco, February 22, 1755 through April 2, 1778

GSA245: The Jesuits of Bohemia purchase Tom, April 1756

GSA323: St. Inigoes enslaved community, c. 1760

GSA47: Rev. Joseph Mosley's record of baptisms in St. Joseph's and St. Mary's County, August 14, 1760 through September 5, 1799 (transcription)

GSA246: The Jesuits of Bohemia purchase Charles, April 1761

GSA247: Summer clothes for the enslaved at Bohemia, June 1761

GSA46: Marriage register for Southern Maryland, the Eastern Shore, and Delaware, December 1762 through January 28, 1802 (transcription)

GSA53: White Marsh memorandum, 1764

GSA66: Enslaved people at St. Joseph mission, Talbot County, Md., March 18, 1765 through November 4, 1770

GSA64: The Maryland Missions, April 23, 1765

GSA49: Baptisms in St. Mary's County, Md., recorded by Rev. James Walton SJ, November 29, 1766 through August 11, 1794 (transcription)

GSA316: Abraham runs away, November 16, 1767

GSA458: John Ashton places a runaway advertisement for Tom, June 15, 1775

GSA159: Births at Newtown, 1782-1796

GSA203: Rev. Leonard Neale purchases Charles from Rev. Sewall SJ, July 1788

GSA311: Distribution of blankets at Bohemia Plantation, 1787-1792

GSA31: Proceedings of the General Chapter at White Marsh, May 15, 1789

GSA184: The Sale of Nell and her son Perry, July 1790

GSA309: The hire of free and enslaved men at Bohemia Plantation, July 12, 1790

GSA185: A Payment for Esther, July 15, 1790

GSA186: Medical Treatment for Stephen, September 8, 1790

GSA306: "The Yearly Allowance of Clothes" at Bohemia, c. 1790

GSA156: Slaves at Newtown before 1791

GSA299: Inoculations at Bohemia, February 22, 1791

GSA183: The sale of Kate, Jonathan, and Bob to John Carty, July 1791

GSA30: Edward Queen petitions for his freedom, October 15, 1791

GSA249: The sale of Sarah and Jerry from Bohemia, 1791

GSA330: Medical visits to Georgetown College's enslaved community, May 1792

GSA96The College hires "Nat Negro," January 4, 1792 through January 4, 1795

GSA109: Clem Hill defrays sons' College expenses through the labor and sale of enslaved persons, February 9, 1792 through November 7, 1793

GSA250: The purchase of Mary and her children, February 1792

GSA230: The sale of William to Robert Milligan, Bohemia, March 1792

GSA62: The College hires Sukey, March 27, 1792 through March 27, 1797

GSA254: Child Labor at Bohemia Plantation, July 1792

GSA255: The sale of Dina, Jacob, and Jemima for tools and a gray mare, 1792

GSA307: Distribution of shoes at Bohemia Plantation, 1792

GSA300: Garden patches at Bohemia, 1792

GSA253: The sale of Mary and her children from Bohemia, April 1793

GSA304: People bought and sold at Bohemia Plantation, 1794-1795

GSA7: The Marriage of David and Phillis at Georgetown, January 1, 1795

GSA423: Runaway Ad for the Queen Family, 1795

GSA256: The purchase of two enslaved men from Mr. Matthews, June 1795

GSA155: "Money arriving from the Sale of Negroes:" Proceedings of the Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergy, Aug. 25, 1795

GSA339: Payments to the enslaved community at Bohemia Plantation, September 1795

GSA110College director Peter Carlisle borrows money from Georgetown to purchase a person, December 9, 1795

GSA340: Winter clothes for the enslaved community at Bohemia Plantation, December, 1795

GSA308: Winter clothes for the enslaved at Bohemia, 1795-1796

GSA297: St. Inigoes tax assessments, 1795-1841

GSA318: Newtown tax assessments, 1795-1838

GSA213: The Jesuits of St. Thomas' Manor purchase Jess, January 1, 1796

GSA259: Fr. Ambrose Maréchal hires out Joseph from Bohemia Plantation, February 1, 1796

GSA228: Sale of Henny from Bohemia, April 1796

GSA111The College hires Milly, May 1, 1796 through October 10, 1796

GSA301: Fr. Ambrose Maréchal is advised not to give Ralph his freedom, July 1796 

GSA374: A payment for Alexius, August 15, 1796

GSA164: "In the service of the Bishop": Proceedings of the Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergymen, March 29th, 1797

GSA334: Freedom Bond for Patrick Barnes, an enslaved man from Bohemia Plantation, 1797 

GSA302: Thomas O'Donald violently assaults Old Davy, September 2, 1797

GSA421: Runaway Ad for Charles and Patrick Mahoney, 1798

GSA335: Fr. Ambrose Maréchal hires out James, a blacksmith from Bohemia Plantation, January 11, 1798

GSA116An unnamed enslaved woman labors and dies at the College, January 8, 1798 through December 31, 1798

GSA115The College hires Joseph, Nicolas, and Lealam from the Fevrier Family, April 16, 1798 through January 5, 1802

GSA214: Jesuits buy an enslaved woman for 145 pounds of pork, May 18, 1798

GSA215: The Sale of John for $240, September 17, 1798

GSA305: Census of "Black People" at Bohemia Plantation, 1798

GSA231: Boarder James Kannady hires Zellam, an enslaved person at the College, 1799

GSA152"Bohemia affairs": Proceedings of the Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergy, Oct. 9, 1799

GSA240: Georgetown College hires Jane, an enslaved woman, 1799

GSA117: The College hires Peter, October 28, 1799 through October 28, 1801

GSA93: The College hires Sukey and Becky, March 1800 to November 1803

GSA128Stephen and Tempey "Boath Ran away" from the College, March 25, 1800 through October 1800

GSA118The College hires out Zealam to Mrs. McDermott, July 15, 1800

GSA261: Undated inventory of enslaved people and livestock at White Marsh and Fingal, ca. late 18th century


19th Century

GSA119Boarder sells "Negro Man George" to College, March 14, 1801

GSA332: The Marriage of William and Sarah, May 3, 1801

GSA165: An Injurious Manumission: Proceedings of the Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergymen, May 5, 1801

GSA310: Census of "Black People" at Bohemia Plantation, 1801

GSA67: President of Georgetown College Rev. Leonard Neale buys a man named Wat, March 31, 1802

GSA153St. Joseph's farm inventory, including the names, number, and age of slaves, 1803

GSA422: Runaway Ad for Isaac and Moses from White Marsh, 1803

GSA333: The Marriage of Ben and Nell, March 13, 1803

GSA221: The Rev. Charles Sewall purchases Jane and her daughter Henny, April 9, 1803

GSA324: "The power of managers to dispose unruly slaves," May 24, 1803

GSA216: Nancy buys her daughter Sophia to set her free, September 19, 1803

GSA121Several students purchased "servants attendance," May 23, 1803 through September 15,1804

GSA120The College hires out "Negro George" to cobbler Thomas Hyde, December 8, 1803 through July 5, 1805

GSA375: The sale of Frank, January 1804

GSA98: The College hires several enslaved persons from Ann Fenwick, January 1804 through January 1806

GSA376: The purchase of Peter and Priscilla, February 1804

GSA158Disposal of "Supernumerary" Slaves: Proceedings of the Roman Catholic Clergy, April 25th, 1804

GSA122Joseph Stone hires out "Negro Charles" to William Nevitt, July 22, 1804 through July 28, 1805

GSA199: Coffin and Burial for Phil, August 1804

GSA327: The Corporation refuses to pay Rev. Ashton's legal fees for Mahoney v. Ashton, November 28, 1804

GSA238: Georgetown College hires Polley and Suckey from Charles Boarman, 1804

GSA313: St. Inigoes tax assessment, 1804

GSA317: Censuses of Newtown's enslaved population for taxation, 1804-1831

GSA426: Runaway Ad for William Castle, 1804

GSA127Georgetown College rosters, including servants and slaves, January 1, 1805 through January 1, 1816

GSA377: Hiring "servants" at the College, February 1805 

GSA204: Bishop Leonard Neale provisions his Slaves at Georgetown College, 1805 

GSA103: "Spalding has runned away": Leonard Neale to Francis Neale on the management of the Missions, July 15, 1805

GSA241The Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergymen orders the sale of "superfluous slaves" to pay debts, July 1805

GSA243Georgetown College pays to capture Spalding, a runaway slave, August 1805

GSA100: "The sale of two unnecessary negroes": Bishop Carroll to Fr. Neale proposing the sale of people, November 12, 1805

GSA38: Slaves born at Newtown, April 5, 1806 through 1835

GSA424: Runaway Ad for Michael from White Marsh, 1806

GSA106: "4 Sick Grown Hands": Letter from Fr. Brooke to Fr. Neale on a disease outbreak among the enslaved population of Newtown, October 1806

GSA112: The President of Georgetown, Robert Molyneux, asks Fr. C. Neale to secure payment for Suckey, October, 1806

GSA229: Georgetown College hires a slave from Charles Boarman, February 1807

GSA124Boarder sells Isaac to College, March 10, 1807

GSA419:Edward Queen's Certificate of Freedom, 1807

GSA101: "An Unfounded Claim": Bishop Carroll berates the President of Georgetown College for his claims of ownership over the people enslaved at Bohemia, December 1807

GSA95Future President of Georgetown College, Rev. Francis Neale, Purchases an Unnamed Enslaved Woman, 1808

GSA166: "Dispose of them:" Proceedings of the Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergymen, May 12, 1808

GSA196A Loan to Buy Len, Oct 18, 1808

GSA177: The sale of George and two families, June 1809

GSA178: "To Humane and Christian Masters:" The Disposal of Sarah's Children, June 1809

GSA179: Resolution to apprehend Tom, June 1809

GSA201:Valuation of George Fenwick's Slaves, 1809

GSA29: Priscilla Queen petitions for her freedom, January 8, 1810

GSA431: Rev. John Ashton's will, February 12, 1810

GSA425: Runaway Ad for Harry Shorter, 1810 

GSA97The College sells an unnamed "Negro Woman" to Philip Bussard, July 6, 1810

GSA427: Sarah's Certificate of Freedom, 1810

GSA372: Rev. Eden receives the profits of the sale of three enslaved persons, June 1811

GSA197: Bishop Neale hires out Stashy and Jenny to the College, March 2, 1812

GSA104A "Multiplicity of Deaths": Fr. Mobberly to Fr. Grassi, on a series of deaths that occurred at St. Inigos, 1812

GSA149A "Great Coat to Old Billy": Will of Rev. John Rosseter, O.S.A., 1812

GSA321: St. Inigoes tax assessment, March 12, 1813

GSA257: The death of Peter at Georgetown College, March 24, 1813

GSA369: The Maryland Jesuits discuss and resolve to sell the majority of their enslaved community, May 1813- June 1814

GSA16: Cassimir, from John McElroy Journal, July 18, 1813

GSA325: The Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergymen sells two people to the Rev. Germain Bitouzey, LS, September 14, 1813

GSA326: The Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergymen authorizes a servant for the Rev. Malavé, September 14, 1813

GSA17: The number of our family, from John McElroy Journal, November 30, 1813

GSA18: Feast of St. Xavier, from John McElroy Journal, December 3, 1813

GSA19: Total number of persons, 1814, from John McElroy Journal, January 1, 1814

GSA20: Isaac runs away, but is captured and sold, from John McElroy Journal, January 29-30, 1814

GSA45: Runaway ad for Isaac, February 1, 1814

GSA130The College pays runaway Isaac's jail fees, February 9, 1814

GSA371: The Maryland Jesuits decide to sell Jem and his family to pay a debt to Rev. Pasquet, June 1814

GSA21: A "negro woman" left at the College, from John McElroy Journal, July 5, 1814

GSA347: Fr. Francis Neale describes difficulties arranging slave marriages and British pillaging during the War of 1812. 

GSA22: The number of persons at the College, from John McElroy Journal, Dec. 31, 1814

GSA198The College hires out Billy to Mr. Holmead for a year, January, 1815

GSA58: "We are in the dark as long as we keep slaves": Fr. Joseph Mobberly SJ calculates the cost savings from emancipation, February 5, 1815

GSA233: Enslaved carpenters at Old North, 1815-1817

GSA32: Fanny & her family, September 19, 1815

GSA102: "Sales of Negroes for Life": Archbp. Carroll expresses his surprise that people were sold against the Corporation's orders, October 1815

GSA360: Bishop Neale to Fr. Lucas on the regulations for slave marriages, April 1816

GSA260: Fr. Fenwick requests approval to sell slaves from Bohemia Plantation, May 24, 1816

GSA212: Br. Mobberly purchases shoes for James, groom of St. Inigoes, July 2, 1816

GSA399: "many of them are in very great kneed of blankets:" Fr. Fenwick to Fr. Grassi, September 22, 1816

GSA134: "Valuation of Rev. Ashton's Negroes," November 11, 1816

GSA182: The Sale and Manumission of Regis, 1816

GSA322"I send you the list of the Negroes:" Fr. Grassi arranges the transport of 11 enslaved people to St. Inigoes, February 6, 1817

GSA23: Death and burial of Billy the Blacksmith, August 16-17, 1817

GSA388: Ned is sent from the College to St. Inigoes, December 1, 1817

GSA90: Holy Trinity Church death records, 1818 through 1867

GSA24: Davy threatened with sale, January and February 1818

GSA25: Mass at Trinity Church, March 29, 1818

GSA209Distribution of shoes at St. Inigoes, March 1818

GSA373: The manumission of Jane Smith, May 4, 1818

GSA181: The Void Sale of Catherine Venus, June 1818

GSA387: Reimbursement and prison fees for enslaved persons sold from Bohemia, August 1818

GSA48: White Marsh, Register of Baptisms, October 25, 1818 through December 10, 1822 (transcription)

GSA26: Claims to freedom, May 14, 1819

GSA72: Baptism of Sylvester, June 4, 1819

GSA27: School for Colored Persons, June 6, 1819

GSA298: Suckey's Funeral at the College Ground, 1819

GSA174: "Present State of the College," 1820

GSA136: Br. Mobberly recounts the whipping of Sucky, an enslaved woman at St. Inigoes, The Mobberly Diaries, Part I, 1820 

GSA138: "One Peck of Meal": Food Rations and Social Conditions at St. Inigoes, The Mobberly Diaries, Part I, 1820.

GSA140"Masters must answer," The Mobberly Diaries, Part I, 1820

GSA148: "Negroes taken out of Prison": The Mobberly Diaries, Part I, 1820

GSA370: The Maryland Jesuits repeal the decision to sell their enslaved community, 1820

GSA352:Fr. Cary intercedes for Becca, a runaway slave, March, 1820

GSA137: Map of St. Inigoes with "Slave House," The Mobberly Diaries, Part I, ca. June 1, 1820

GSA211: Newtown Plantation exchanges whiskey for a pair of shoes for Charles, December 1820

GSA406: "unfit for human beings to live in": Fr. Adam Marshall to the Father General, February 6, 1821

GSA400: "whose rule always is to work as little as possible": Fr. Marshall reports to Rome, March 5, 1821

GSA71: St. Inigoes tax assessment, March 21, 1821

GSA168: Clem hired out, 1821- 1827 

GSA274: Hire of Michael from Margaret Fenwick, 1821

GSA440: Runaway Ad for Michael, June 13, 1822

GSA270: Outfitting for Dick and Mat, circa 1822

GSA271: Mat hired to Mr. Lunthicon [Linthicom], April 7, 1823

GSA142"Cham's Descendants": The Mobberly Diaries, Part II, August 1823

GSA143: "Slavery is According to Reason": The Mobberly Diaries, Part II, August 1823

GSA144: "Slavery is Good, is Necessary": The Mobberly Diaries, Part II, August 1823

GSA329: Shoes for Harriette, an enslaved woman at Georgetown College, May 10, 1824

GSA275: Hire of Hariot Edelin from Margaret Fenwick, June 1824-May 1826

GSA28: William Gaston entrusts a slave named Augustus to Fr. Joseph Carberry, September 1, 1824

GSA150Agreement between Rev. Francis Neale SJ and John Butler, a free man, January 9, 1826 

GSA59: "I shall be obliged to sell our man not to separate man & wife" - A Jesuit priest tries to keep a family together, January 13, 1826

GSA226: Fr. Neale pays Georgetown College for the "boots of his servant," 1826

GSA278: Doctor's fees for Clem, January 1, 1827

GSA133: "Deaths in our Family": Fr. Neale describes the dire conditions at St. Thomas Manor, January, January 9, 1827

GSA282: "Presents" to Charly, Dick, Hilary, and Archy, April 1827

GSA54: Fr. Neale's register, St. Thomas, June 17, 1827 through March 15, 1832

GSA200A pass for Stephen, July 5, 1827

GSA125: The College exchanges Hillary for Gabe, October 13, 1827

GSA171:"To a free colored man to buy his wife," 1827

GSA163:  "For fuel, servants, &c." Regulations for students, 1828 

GSA160: Gabe obtains "leave to buy himself free," 1828

GSA277: Students charged for "wages of servants," 1828

GSA405: "as bad as a Priest's Slave": Letter from Fr. Beschter, March 27, 1829

GSA285: Paid to Captain L. Neale's "black boy," 1829

GSA262: Death of Dick, 1829

GSA362: Questions regarding slavery: Rev. Thomas Mulledy, SJ to the Jesuit Superior General, January 7, 1830

GSA227: A payment for "Fr Neales servants," 1830 

GSA162: James Reilly hires Stephen, 1830  

GSA180: The Sale of Maria's Children, April 21st, 1830

GSA202: The Sale of Harriet by George Fenwick, SJ, August 1830

GSA420: Fr. Carberry manumits Augustin Linsey, August 2, 1830

GSA114: "One pair of shoes, one dress": Mrs. Johnson requests that Fr. Fenwick outfit a woman he sold, Oct. 1830

GSA78: Philodemic Society Debate, late 1830 or early 1831

GSA244Philodemic Society debates about slavery, race, and secession, 1830-1875

GSA296: Slavery at St. Thomas Manor: Fr. Grivel to Fr. Roothaan, January 26, 1831

GSA135Fr. Joseph Carbery to Fr. George Fenwick on the conditions of slaves at St. Inigoes, March 16, 1831

GSA154: "The Value of the Slaves:" State of the Farm and Mission of St. Joseph, June 28-30, 1831 

GSA57: Fr. Peter Kenney, SJ.'s observations on the enslaved families at Bohemia, June 1831

GSA70: St. Inigoes tax assessment, 1831

GSA441: Permissions to Marry, 1831-2

GSA342: The sale of Jacob from Bohemia, January 23, 1832

GSA344: The sale of "the little boy Jery," an enslaved child at Bohemia Plantation, January 23, 1832

GSA345: The sale of Phillis and Mary, a woman and child enslaved at Bohemia Plantation, 1832

GSA343: The sale of James, an enslaved man from Bohemia plantation, February 5, 1832

GSA113: "She was once a slave": Sarah Brook, a woman formerly enslaved by the Fenwick Family, requests her freedom papers, May 29th, 1832

GSA222: "They all have heard:" Fr. Havermans writes to Fr. Fenwick on the sale of slaves from Newtown, July 17, 1832

GSA108:"Tired of Blacks and Business": Fr. Kenney to Fr. McElroy on the administration of the Missions, Aug. 19, 1832 

GSA107: "They want them... for their Plantations": Fr. Kenney to Fr. Neale on their plans to sell a group of people to a Louisiana planter, Sept. 10, 1832 

GSA449: Baptism of Noble Taylor, November 2, 1832

GSA167: "Mr. Lloyd for Archey," 1832 

GSA205: Georgetown College sells Gabe, March 20, 1833.

GSA13: Report of Income &c. of Farms of St. Thomas Manor, By McSherry, likely July 1833

GSA14: Report of Income &c Newtown, By McSherry, likely July 1833

GSA15: Report on St. Inigos, By McSherry, likely July 1833

GSA242The Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergymen approves the sale of slaves from Bohemia Plantation, August 1833

GSA34: Letter from Thomas Brown, an enslaved man at St. Louis University, October 21, 1833

GSA434: "either the missions or the College must be neglected" Mulledy to Roothaan, October 28, 1833

GSA237: "This Charge for Servants Hire is very Large," 1833

GSA293: List of slaves taxed at White Marsh in 1833

GSA236: A wedding gift for Mat, an enslaved person at the College, 1834

GSA36: The Liberia option, October 17, 1834

GSA442: The Death of Susanna Becraft, November 1834

GSA251: Report on the Maryland Provincial Congregation, July 1835

GSA359: The sale of four enslaved women at St. Thomas' Manor, July 1835

GSA80: Proslavery oration by Rev. James Ryder, SJ, August 30, 1835

GSA145"Cash for 11 Servants," September 19, 1835

GSA396: Balance of the sale of four enslaved women, November 16, 1835

GSA129John Hoover sells "Negro boy Mat" to the College, December 31, 1835

GSA87: "Is it expedient to sell these 300 slaves?": The Dubuisson Memorandum, 1836

GSA341: The hire of Dick, a young man at Bohemia Plantation, January, 1836

GSA350: The Procurator requests Fr. Carbery inform him on the "servants lately disposed of," January 3, 1836.

GSA94: "A Dreadful Whipping": Fr. Beschter to Fr. Leavy on the whipping of a female slave at St. Inigoes, January 7th, 1836

GSA351:The Procurator berates Fr. Carbery for not recording the sale of 17 enslaved persons at St. Inigoes, January 27, 1836

GSA433: "about the negros who must be sold" McSherry to Roothaan, 30 August 1836

GSA269: Marriage of Charles Taylor, September 22, 1836

GSA86: Fr. Roothaan, S.J. lays out the conditions for the sale of enslaved persons, December 27, 1836

GSA290: Fr. Carbery requests a tax deduction for the value of seventeen slaves sold by the Maryland Jesuits, 1836

GSA319: St. Mary's County deducts seventeen slaves from St. Inigoes' tax burden, 1836

GSA289: "we lost a boy": Fr. Carbery requests a tax deduction for six St. Inigoes slaves sold by the Jesuits, 1836

GSA235: Students at Georgetown College purchase "cloth for a servant," 1836

GSA361: Twenty Conditions of Sale, 1836

GSA286St. Mary's County deducts two slaves from St. Inigoes' tax burden, 1837

GSA173: Financial Statement of Georgetown College, 1838

GSA131: The College hires two slaves from Mitchell Bronaugh, April 15, 1838 through January 9, 1843

GSA395: The sale of an enslaved child, March 4, 1838

GSA294: "sell all our landed property and slaves": Fr. McSherry to Fr. Roothaan, March 13, 1837

GSA312: The death and burial of Margaret Smallwood, April 21, 1837

GSA295: "the sale cannot be so urgent": Fr. McSherry to Fr. Roothaan on inflation, the slave sale, and taxes, May 13, 1837

GSA408: Duff Green plans to purchase the Maryland Jesuits' slaves and relocate them to Arkansas, February 7, 1838

GSA206Jesse Batey advertisement, Washington Globe, May 29, 1838

GSA91:  "I would be willing to take $450"Fr. Mulledy to Fr. McElroy on pricing people, June 12, 1838

GSA1: Articles of agreement between Thomas F. Mulledy, of Georgetown, District of Columbia, of one part, and Jesse Beatty and Henry Johnson, of the State of Louisiana, of the other part. June 19, 1838

GSA385: Expenses for transportation of slaves from St. Inigoes and White Marsh, June 25, 1838

GSA266: "Eliza has not yet arrived": Jesse Batey to Fr. McSherry on the expected arrival of an enslaved woman, June 27, 1838

GSA386: Proceeds from the sale of enslaved people, July 6, 1838

GSA287: St. Mary's County deducts three deceased slaves from St. Inigoes' tax burden, 1838

GSA291: Fr. Carbery identifies ten St. Inigoes slaves who were not sold to Louisiana in 1838

GSA292: An agent for Fr. Havermans requests a tax adjustment for Newtown after the 1838 sale 

GSA5: List of people sold by Thomas Mulledy, Fall 1838

GSA63: Census of people to be sold in 1838

GSA358:"Apprehending Ann": Thompson & Spalding charges to William McSherry, September 28, 1838

GSA208: "What will become of me?": Fr. Havermans reports on the anguish of the slaves, October 20, 1838 and November 12, 1838

GSA207: "old Isaac is quite cheerful": Fr. Grivel to Fr. Lancaster, November 6, 1838

GSA8: Bill of sale for 56 persons from Thomas Mulledy to Henry Johnson, November 10, 1838

GSA9: Bill of sale for 64 persons from Thomas Mulledy to Jesse Batey, November 10, 1838

GSA267: "Thank God I have succeeded": Fr. Mulledy completes the sale of 272 slaves to Louisiana, November 11, 1838

GSA382: Receipt for "passage of servants," November 12, 1838

GSA384: Receipt for "horses & servants," November 18, 1838

GSA379: Receipt for transporting "thirty two slaves from Newtown to Alexandria," November 23, 1838

GSA383: Expenses for transporting slaves from St. Thomas and St. Inigoes to Alexandria, undated [likely 1838]

GSA10: Bill of sale for 84 persons from Thomas Mulledy to Henry Johnson, November 29, 1838

GSA2: Manifest of the Katherine Jackson, December 6, 1838

GSA378: Jail receipt, December 8, 1838

GSA380: "Only slaves transported to Louisiana out of the 84 slaves lot," undated est. ca. December 1838

GSA412: Maryland Province expenses, 1838

GSA413: Jesuit income from the sale of enslaved people in 1838

GSA68: Georgetown College Financial Statement, January 1, 1839

GSA210: "he is preparing a brig for carrying them:" Fr. Grivel to Fr. Lancaster, Feb 8, 1839

GSA346: "I rejoice that the matter of the negroes is concluded": Fr. Roothaan to Fr. Mulledy, March 4, 1839

GSA147"healthy and well pleased": Henry Johnson to Fr. McSherry, SJ, April 27, 1839

GSA146"old Isaac remained": Fr. Grivel to Fr. Lancaster, May 4, 1839

GSA357:"Carring off the servants to Washington:" Joshua F. Clarke to Thomas Mulledy, May 14, 1839

GSA404: "most baneful to religion": Abp. Eccleston to Fr. Roothaan, June 27, 1839

GSA401: "I had for a cook, at Alexandria, a black girl" Fr. Dubuisson to Fr. Roothaan, June 21 and July 2, 1839

GSA288: St. Mary's County deducts the St. Inigoes slave community from Fr. Carbery's tax burden, 1839

GSA320: St. Mary's County deducts the Newtown slave community from Rev. Neill's tax burden, 1839

GSA56: List of enslaved persons remaining on Estate and exchanged, no date--perhaps 1839

GSA79: Undated bill of sale for 11 people from Mulledy to Johnson, ca. 1839

GSA416: Mortgage of Jesse Batey to Thomas Mulledy for 64 persons, 1839

GSA417: Mortgage of Henry Johnson to Thomas Mulledy for 84 persons, 1839

GSA418: Certificate of mortgage of Henry Johnson to Thomas Mulledy for 56 persons, 1839

GSA348:"I overvalue her:" Fr. McElroy disputes the price of slaves sold to Louisiana, February 18, 1840

GSA283: Baptism of Theodore Augustin, son of Charles Taylor, March 1, 1840

GSA353: The Procurator to Fr. Sanders on the enslaved persons remaining at the White Marsh, April 30, 1840.

GSA88: "A cruel overseer": Letter from Fr. Grivel to Fr. Lancaster, May 30, 1840

GSA363Fr. Vespre to Fr. McElroy on the indemnifications claimed by Dr. Jesse Batey, July 3, 1840

GSA403: "After the sale of the slaves...." Fr. Vespre to Fr. Roothaan, July 5 and July 13, 1840

GSA354: "There remain belonging to us only four old slave servants:" Fr. Procurator to Robert C. Brooke and Joseph J. Jones, October 23, 1840

GSA170: Charles R. Queen uses wages of an enslaved man to pay tuition costs, 1841 

GSA272: Ben Branson hired by Georgetown College, 1841

GSA35: Georgetown College Financial Statement, July 31, 1841

GSA220"Carried there in abundance:" Georgetown's Procurator objects to the food rations for black workers in the wash house, 1841

GSA448: Moses and Eliza Taylor run away, March 15, 1842

GSA394: "old Isaac... goes on, living:" Fr. Grivel to Fr. Lancaster, April 15, 1842

GSA263: Hire of Benedict Johnson, 1842

GSA276: "Jeremiah Bronaugh on account of servant men now in the Dormitory," 1843

GSA402: "the unhappy idea of Fr. Thomas F. Mulledy" Letter from Fr. Vespre to Fr. Roothaan, 12 Jan. 1843

GSA126"Belonging to us": Fr. Dzierozynski recommends Nelly as housekeeper for Fr. Lancaster, January 29, 1843

GSA355: Fr. Vespre instructs Fr. Carbery to pay for the hire of a servant owned by Ms. Jane Smith, February 19, 1843.

GSA349: "You may sell Isaac": The Jesuits arrange the sale of Isaac Hawkins, an enslaved man jailed in Baltimore, 1843. 

GSA258: Bill of sale for Len, September 4, 1843

GSA161: Cash paid to "servant" for work done at observatory, 1843

GSA225: The College hires "Mr. Pendal's Col'd Man," 1843

GSA265: Georgetown College hires Frank Butler as a cook, 1843-1846

GSA55: Henry Johnson renegotiates the terms of sale, February 17, 1844

GSA365: Fr. Vespre to Fr. Mulledy on accepting an arrangement for the payments due from the sale of 1838, March 25, 1844

GSA381: Rev. Thomas Mulledy, S.J. accepts new terms of payment, March 31, 1844

GSA356: On the management of Newtown: Fr. Vespre to Fr. Woodley, April 16, 1844

GSA452: Inventory of William Gaston's estate, April 19, 1844

GSA175: Sale of Aloysius to J. P. Gannon, 1844 

GSA218Cash paid "2 Negroes for Working at Observatory," 1844

GSA169:  Student John Duncan's bills to be paid with the proceeds of cotton sale, 1845 

GSA176:  Hire of James Greenwell, 1845

GSA279: Hire of Jo [Edlin?] from Mary Fenwick, 1845

GSA219Alms for freedom,  1845

GSA273: "Whiskey for servants," 1846

GSA336: Georgetown College increases Frank Butler's wages, June 1846

GSA280: "To 4 colored servants, for Christmas gift," 1846

GSA264: Payments made to Charles "on occasion of his childrens' sickness," 1847

GSA338: Fr. Nicholas Steinbacher hires Robert Thomas, an enslaved man at Newtown, 1847

GSA281: Ben and James paid for extra work during college vacation, 1847

GSA3: Letter from James Van de Velde, S.J. to Thomas Mulledy, S.J., March 28, 1848

GSA132: "She will not Rule Me": Fr. Steinbacher airs his grievances against the female slaves of Newtown, April 3, 1848

GSA82: Letter from James Van de Velde, S.J. to Ignatius Brocard, S.J., November 27, 1848

GSA328: La Tourrette's map of Louisiana, 1848

GSA337: Fr. Thomas Lilly hires three enslaved men at St. Inigoes Plantation, March 1849

GSA284: Bladen Forrest on account of servant Aaron, 1849

GSA232: Georgetown College hires Jacob, an enslaved cook, 1849-1850 

GSA429: Mortgages on enslaved persons, undated (1840s)

GSA151"I have parted from Nelly": Fr. Woodley to Fr. Brocard, September 25, 1850

GSA65: Henry Johnson's sales of enslaved persons, November 13, 1844 through January 5, 1851

GSA415: Jesse Batey Requests release from his mortgage on 64 persons, 1851

GSA436: Appraisal of Jesse Batey's West Oak estate, March 3, 1851

GSA105James Henry Young labors for the College in slavery and in freedom, January 9, 1848 through May 5, 1864

GSA239Georgetown College hires Salvadore, an enslaved man, 1850

GSA92: Advertisement for the sale of Jesse Batey's estate, including 119 "likely negroes," Daily Picayune, February 18, 1852

GSA389: John R. Thompson promises to build a "snug little chapel" for the enslaved community sold by the Maryland Jesuits, April 9, 1852

GSA6: Bill of sale from the heirs of Jesse Batey to Washington Barrow, January 18, 1853

GSA398: Sale of enslaved people owned by the Healy family, January 3, 1854

GSA268: Father Curley's campus map, 1854

GSA11: Bill of sale for land and people from Washington Barrow to William Patrick and Joseph B. Woolfolk, February 4, 1856

GSA37: Advertisement for Barrow & Armstrong Succession Sale, Southern Sentinel, February 23, 1856

GSA454: Runaway Ad for Nicholas, Southern Sentinel, April 12, 1856

GSA447: Marie Adrien Persac, Dr. John Dominique's Store, 1857

GSA61: Chatham plantation, from Norman's chart of the lower Mississippi River, 1858

GSA446: Map of the parishes of Pointe Coupee, West Baton Rouge and Iberville : including parts of the parishes of St. Martins and Ascension, Louisiana, 1859

GSA12: Bill of sale for land and people from William Patrick and Joseph Woolfolk to Emily Sparks, widow of Austin Woolfolk, July 16, 1859

GSA99The College hires enslaved worker Aaron Edmonson, November 3, 1859 through September 26, 1862

GSA364: Advertisement for West Oak plantation, 1860

GSA60: West Oak and Chatham plantations, from P.A. Champomier, Statement of the Sugar Crop Made in Louisiana in 1860-1861..., 1861

GSA331: Alms for the funeral of Charles Taylor, September 13, 1861

GSA367: First Performance of the "Contrabands" of Georgetown College, 1861

GSA217: Compensation claim of Dr. Noble Young, May 2, 1862

GSA392: The last payment from the sale of 1838, May 20, 1862

GSA234: Compensation claim of Dr. Charles H. Liebermann, June 28, 1862

GSA75: Mrs. Emily Woolfolk contract with employees at West Oak plantation in Iberville Parish, La., April 12, 1864

GSA73: Agreement with Freedmen of Chatham Plantation in Ascension Parish, La., February 2, 1865

GSA76: Agreement with Freedmen on West Oak plantation in Iberville Parish, La., April 3, 1865

GSA74: Final Pay Roll, Chatham Plantation, Ascension Parish, La., December 31, 1865

GSA69: Louise Mason and her children: the last people enslaved by the Maryland Jesuits, May 30, 1867

GSA77: Payroll of Laborers Employed at West Oak plantation, Iberville Parish, La., October 17, 1867

GSA450: Edward Taylor searches for his family, 1885 and 1889

GSA84: Cornelius Hawkins court testimony, ca. 1892

GSA453: "Crossing the river," Iberville South, August 11, 1894

GSA89: William Harris and Basil Butler donate land to the Catholic church for a school for black children in Iberville Parish, La., September 20, 1897

GSA81: Frank Campbell photograph, ca. 1900


20th Century

GSA33: Georgetown campus map showing cemetery and "servants' house," ca. 1905

GSA303: Map of St. Thomas Manor with "tenant houses or negro huts," 1905

GSA414: Fr. Zwinge's accounts of the 1838 sale and other transactions, ca. 1909 

GSA83: Louisa Mason obituary, July 22, 1909

GSA50: Map of Maryland Jesuit Stations, 17th-19th centuries, 1917

GSA409: Sanborn Fire Insurance Map of Maringouin, Louisiana, 1919

GSA435: A "slave auction" at Georgetown, September 23, 1961


21st Century

GSA52: "I know that my Bennett ancestors were slaves to the Jesuits...": Interviews with descendants in Maryland from Louis Diggs' Surviving in America, 2002

GSA44: Patricia Bayonne-Johnson, "Jesuits' Slaves in the Family," 2008

GSA4: What We Know Booklet, Fall 2015

GSA40: "272 Slaves Were Sold to Save Georgetown. What Does It Owe Their Descendants?" New York Times, April 16, 2016

GSA42: "Profile of Maxine Crump, descendant of one of the Georgetown slaves," The Hoya, April 29, 2016

GSA43: "Profile of Patricia Bayonne-Johnson, descendant of one of the Georgetown slaves," The Hoya, April 29, 2016

GSA41: "'A Million Questions’ From Descendants of Slaves Sold to Aid Georgetown." New York Times, May 20, 2016

GSA51: "Louisiana families dig into their history, find they are descendants of slaves sold by Georgetown University." The Advocate, June 19, 2016

GSA195: ARTH 354 Georgetown Memorial Proposal, 2016

GSA85: Stained glass window, Immaculate Heart of Mary Church, Maringouin, La., 2017

GSA141How Do I know If I'm Related to the GU272? A guide from the Georgetown Memory Project, 2017

GSA187: Podcast: Frank Campbell's Photograph, 2017

GSA188: Podcast: Buildings and Memorials, 2017

GSA189: Podcast: Since Last We Met, 2017

GSA190: Podcast: Humanizing the Narrative: The Queen Family, 2017

GSA191: Podcast: Education Across Generations, 2017

GSA192: Podcast: Black Students at GU and the Legacy of Slavery, 2017

GSA193: Video: The Good Work, 2017

GSA194: Video: Naming Reconciliation, 2017

GSA172Archaeological Investigations at Newtowne Neck State Park, 2017

GSA393: "Connecting Maryland's Past to Louisiana's Present: The Georgetown 272," Louisiana State University Oral History Project, 2017

GSA397: Video: Facing Georgetown's History, 2018

GSA314: "Meet the GU272" Data Visualization, 2018

GSA366: Alex Scott's grave marker, Immaculate Heart of Mary Cemetery, Maringouin, Louisiana, 2019

GSA390: The Best Place To Start, 2019

GSA391: Timeline of the 1838 sale of the Maryland Jesuit Enslaved Community (GU272), 2019

GSA407: "Amen" by Carlos Scott, 2020

GSA410: Carlos Scott, "June 6, 2020"

GSA411: Video: The Curtain Goes Up, 2020 

GSA428: A conversation with Earlene Campbell-Coleman, July 9, 2020

GSA430: Paul Rochford, "Louisa Mahoney Mason and her family," 2020

GSA432: The Price of Georgetown: A Walking Tour of Slavery, Memory, and Reconciliation at Georgetown University (2020)

GSA437: Joy Kang, "Write Their Names," 2021

GSA438: Video: With the Promise to Always Remember, 2021

GSA439: Carlos Simon, Requiem for the Enslaved, November 5, 2021

GSA443: StoryMap: Jesuit Slaveholding in Maryland (2022)

GSA444: StoryMap: The GU272 in Louisiana: West Oak Plantation (2022)

GSA445: StoryMap: The GU272 in Louisiana: Chatham Plantation (2022)

GSA451: Slaveholding and Judicial Opinions of William Gaston (2022)

GSA455: William Gaston & Slavery: A Conversation between Professor John Mikhail and Professor Adam Rothman (2023)

GSA457: Interview with Kyla Matthews (L’25), March 19, 2023

GSA456: Andrew Bordea, An interview with Henrietta Pike, May 4, 2023