Agreement between Rev. Francis Neale SJ and John Butler, a free man, January 9, 1826

Dublin Core


Agreement between Rev. Francis Neale SJ and John Butler, a free man, January 9, 1826


Hire; Plantation Workers; Plantation life--Southern States--History; Jesuits--Missions


Rev. Francis Neale, SJ, manager of St. Thomas' Manor, contracted to hire John Butler, a free man, to repair and take care of the wind mill of the plantation in 1826.


Maryland Province Archives


Georgetown Slavery Archive




Adam Rothman, Elsa Barraza Mendoza


Maryland Province Jesuits









Text Item Type Metadata


This agreement made this ninth day of January 1826 between the Revd Francis Neal of St. Thomas’s Manor, Charles County State of Maryland on the one part, and John Butler, a free man, witnesseth that the said Francis Neale, has enguaged and does hereby enguage the said John Butler, to take care of and to work the wind Mill situated on St. Thomas’s Point being on the west side of Port Tobbacco Creek, for the said Francis Neale or his successors in the management of St. Thomas’s Manor.

The said John butler does hereby enguage himself, to keep the said Mill, and sails belonging thereunto in proper and decent order, that is to mend the sails when wanted, to make new ones when required, (the materials being forwarded him) to keep the weatherboarding, stops, or any small damage either internally externally of the Mill house in proper repair, to help and assist in case any great damage is done by wind, or any other accident, he likewise enguages to behave with civility towards all customers who may frequent the Mill and honestly to return to them their corn when ground into Meal having first taken out the usual toll, which is the sixth part of a bushel, he likewise obligates himself, to give an exact account of what corn, rye or wheat may be brought to the Mill, to the manager of St. Thomas’s Manor, or his order. He shall not permit any Seine-hawlers to cook or lodge in his house.

            The Revd  Mr Neale on his part, obligates himself to allow the said John Butler two and half of every six of the toll corn or other grain that may be brought by the customers. for what he may grind for the consumption of his own family, or St. Thomas’s Manor, is freed from toll, John Butler is also allowed by the said Francis Neale the use of the land which is reserved for the use of the Mill, that is, he may cultivate the land in corn or any grain he chooses, he is also allowed if he stands


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 in need, to take his firewood from the east side of Port Tobacco Creek, in case any meal be called for to be purchased at the Mill the millar is allowed to sell it at one Dollar per bushel.

             The above conditions to stand good during the present year 1826

 Francis Neale

His mark

John X Butler 

In presence of

Joseph Marshall



Original Format




Maryland Province Archives, “Agreement between Rev. Francis Neale SJ and John Butler, a free man, January 9, 1826,” Georgetown Slavery Archive, accessed May 27, 2024,